Open Access Week 2016: researcher spotlight – science and technology

Today’s blog is the last of our researcher spotlights, featuring three contributions by RGU researchers from Computing, Engineering and Pharmacy.

PROFESSOR SUSAN CRAW (; ORCID is Professor of Computing at RGU, whose research  covers case-based reasoning, data- and text mining, knowledge discovery, recommender systems and intelligent information systems.crawphoto

“As a Computing Scientist I have used digital tools throughout my research career and so was an early adopter of OpenAIR when it was launched almost exactly 10 years ago. By uploading copies of papers that are recently accepted for publication, I firmly believe that I have raised the profile of my work in my research communities and beyond, and enabled more people to access my papers.

In this digital age, people naturally source research papers by using the title as a search term in Google or some other search engine − the OpenAIR copy is normally the top hit! When a paper is easy to find then it is more likely to be read and then cited in related work. My paper with the highest number (800+) of OpenAIR downloads in the last year, is also my most cited (450+) on Google Scholar: De Mantaras et al., Knowledge Engineering Review, 20:215-240, 2005 (

There are now several research databases and networks (e.g. Google Scholar, Research Gate, Scopus, CiteSeer) that proactively assemble publications to add to researcher profiles. So now OpenAIR offers new publications that Google Scholar adds to my profile (, and the OpenAIR version can be downloaded directly from my Google Scholar profile. Other researchers can now more easily discover my work.

OpenAIR offers a legal way for me to enable downloading of papers directly from my webpage ( by including the link to the OpenAIR article, as well as published versions via their DOI. I’ve even started embedding these links in reference lists; e.g. track records on EPSRC proposals.

Earlier this month I gave a keynote at the BCS Real AI Day in London. Several of the industry contacts I made said they would be searching for ‘Susan Craw RGU’ on Google, and I knew they would find OpenAIR links for the papers I had mentioned in my talk! Craw, Horsburgh & Massie, Best Paper at ICCBR in September 2015 ( already has 100 downloads. My latest (still to be published!) paper − Mbipom, Craw & Massie, Best Technical Paper at BCS AI in December 2016 – has its title and abstract in OpenAIR ( and, even though its PDF is still under embargo from the publisher, it has already generated enquiries and requests for access!

OpenAIR was a very early open access repository at a university, putting RGU at the leading edge of what we know now as Green Open Access publishing. The repository will also play an important role in the next REF.”

PROFESSOR EDWARD GOBINA (; ORCID is the MEMS Professor of Chemical and Process Engineering.gobinaphoto_1

“I have over 25 years’ experience in catalytic processes, oil and gas process integration and membrane reactor-separators. I have successfully supervised 11 PhD and over 100 MSc students as PI since 1998 and published over 300 scientific articles in both traditional and open access journals, newsletters, reports, patents, book chapters, books and conference proceedings. I have also won several awards for my cutting edge research endeavours such as the Scottish Enterprise PoC (Rounds 1 and 2 respectively), Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE) Fellowship awards, Carbon Trust awards, Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) award and the KTP Certificate of Excellence award. I was recently confirmed winner of the 2014 Global Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation’s (CCEMC) Grand Challenge for innovative carbon uses, involving 244 applicants across four different continents. I have also been responsible for three University spin-out companies including GAS2 Ltd, who have generated over £17 million in inward capital investments.

The four major factors that I considered before deciding whether to publish on OpenAIR were cost, visibility, prestige, and rapidity. Publishing your article on OpenAIR costs nothing, but the visibility and prestige are high and the process is rapid, meaning that colleagues can get up-to-date developments through the Internet, which therefore means it is unnecessary for them to waste valuable time in the library stacks; the information they require to refine their research is available on their personal computers and even on their mobile phones. The fact that OpenAIR costs readers nothing to use is also very helpful, as this would be unthinkable if the articles were published only in traditional journals, who charge readers high fees for content access. By publishing in journals that support Open Access and which are indexed in either Scopus or Web of Science, I now have the opportunity to also add my articles to OpenAIR. This, coupled with the fact that my papers are in high-profile publications with high impact factors, affords the best of both worlds: the high visibility of OpenAIR and Open Access combined with the prestige of publishing in well-established, traditional journals. To date I have made 32 peer-reviewed high-impact publications on OpenAIR.”

Professor Gobina has also suggested the following as examples of high-profile publications on OpenAIR: = KAJAMA, M.N., SHEHU, H., OKON, E., ORAKWE, I. and GOBINA, E. 2016. VOC oxidation in excess of oxygen using flow-through catalytic membrane reactor. International journal of hydrogen energy [online], 41(37), pages 16529-16534. Available from: = NWOGU, N.C., ANYANWU, E.E. and GOBINA, E. 2016. An initial investigation of a nano-composite silica ceramic membrane for hydrogen gas separation and purification. International journal of hydrogen energy [online], 41(19), pages 8228-8235. Available from: = KAJAMA, M.N., SHEHU, H., OKON, E. and GOBINA, E. 2015. Preparation and characterization of inorganic membranes for hydrocarbon separation from N2 for environmental applications. Energy and environment research [online], 5(1), pages 110-120. Available from: = NWOGU, N.C., KAJAMA, M. and GOBINA, E. 2015. A study of gas diffusion characteristics on a micro porous composite silica ceramic membrane. Composite structures [online], 134, pages 1044-1050. Available from:

PROFESSOR DEREK STEWART (; ORCID is Professor in Pharmacy Practice within the School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences.stewartphoto

“Rapid and efficient dissemination of research findings is paramount if the findings are going to have any impact. Within my area of pharmacy practice, and more generally health related practice research, our goal is that the research is disseminated widely and the findings used by academics, professionals, policy makers, patient groups etc. across the globe to review patient care and professional practice. Having research available via Open Access at the point of publication can facilitate achieving our goal.”

Professor Stewart has suggested the following as examples of key recent papers on OpenAIR: = ALQUBAISI, M., TONNA, A., STRATH, A. and STEWART, D. 2016. Quantifying behavioural determinants relating to health professional reporting of medication errors: a cross-sectional survey using the theoretical domains framework. European journal of clinical pharmacology [online], 72(11), pages 1401-1411. Available from: – (an example where the findings may lead to enhanced patient safety). = AL SHEMEILI, S., KLEIN, S., STRATH, A., FARES, S. and STEWART, D. 2016. A modified Delphi study of structures and processes related to medicines management for elderly hospitalised patients in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of evaluation in clinical practice [online], 22(5), pages 781-791. Available from: – (an example where the findings may prompt a review of medicines-related processes in secondary care). = STEWART, D. and KLEIN, S. 2016. The use of theory in research. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 38(3), pages 615-619. Available from: – (an example of an invited paper, which could increase the rigour and robustness of research).

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